Giovanni Battista Pace,
born in Rome about 1640, was the son of the still-life painter Michele
Pace. He studied with Pier Francesco Mola whose influence is clearly
visible in his paintings and drawings. He mainly worked for the
Chigi Family in Rome, decorating their Palazzo in Ariccia in 1664
with battle scenes. In 1665 he made two paintings for Cardinal Flavio
Chigi: "The Dream of Jacob" and "The Rest on the Flight to Egypt".
Giovanni Battista Pace also worked for the powerful Roman Family,
Barberini, as is attested by his works in their collection inventory
of 1686; and produced several etchings, some of which are dedicated
to Prince Barberini. Giovanni Battista Pace died in Rome after 1665.
The present drawing
is a preparatory study for the painting by Giovanni Battista Pace
made for Cardinal Flavio Chigi in 1665; today in the collection
of Carla Guglielmi in Rome. The verso of the present sheet can be
compared to the "St. John the Baptist in Ecstasy" in the Kupferstichkabinett
in Berlin-Dahlem (inv.no.Kdz17386) and to "Moses with the Tablets
and God the Father" from the Weld collection in the Walker Art Gallery
in Liverpool (inv.no.WAG1995.210).
The attribution was
made by Prof. Richard Cocke of the University of East Anglia, Norwich,
in a letter dated October 23rd, 2000. Prof. Cocke connects the present
drawing to several published drawings by Giovanni Battista Pace
in his extensive article on the artist in Master Drawings, 1991,